In Bali, partner selection remains an important issue since it is still influenced by a cultural factor that is the existence of the catur wangsa (four-caste) system. Wangsa has means descendant. Catur wangsa (four castes) are divided into four, namely Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra. Balinese women who occupy the top caste that is Brahmin would be more selective in choosing a partner for fear of their family’s attitude towards them if they are nyerod, meaning having a marriage where the wangsa (caste) of the woman is higher than that of her partner. The parenting styles applied by parents have a role in decision making when individuals choose their partners. Authoritative parenting style is an effective parenting style because it applies stability properly between acceptance/responsiveness and demandingness/control.
This study aims to determine the relationship between authoritative parenting style and the tendency of homogamy in partner selection by young adult women from the Brahmin caste. The subjects used in this study were women from the Brahmin caste, aged 20 to 30 years old, unmarried, and residing in Denpasar. The number of subjects used was as 60 people.
The authoritative-parenting-scale reliability was 0.939 and the tendency-of-homogamy-in-partner-selection-scale reliability was 0.948 . The result of the normality test on the authoritative parenting was 0.899 and the result of the normality test on the tendency of homogamy in partner selection was 0.199. The linearity test result on the authoritative parenting towards the tendency of homogamy in partner selection was 0.000.
The analytical methods used was the product moment correlation analysis. The correlation result in this study was 0.575 (p=0.000). Based on these results, it was found out that there is a relationship between authoritative parenting and the tendency of homogamy in partner selection by young adult women from the Brahmin caste in Denpasar.
Keywords: Autoritative Parenting, Homogamy, Partner Selection, Balinese Women, Brahmin Wangsa (Caste)
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