Evaluasi Kadar Gula Darah Pasien Berdasarkan Kajian Usia dan Komplikasi Penyakit pada Pasien Diabetes Mellitus Tipe-2 di Puskesmas Jetis 1 Bantul Periode September–November 2019

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Caesar Bagus Reyaldi University of Ahmad Dahlan
Akrom –
Susan Fitria Candradewi

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24843/JFU.2021.v10.i02.p04


Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease which causes blood sugar levels increase. Increasing age affects performance of body organs function against insulin which leads to fluctuations in blood sugar. Decreased performance of body functions affects balance of other body functions which can cause complications. The research objective was to determine and evaluate blood sugar levels based on age and disease complications. The research design used was analytic observational research. Data were collected retrospectively from September – November 2019. Univariate analysis is used to analyze basic characteristics of research variables.

Bivariate analysis was used to determine differences in patient blood sugar based on age and disease complications. The statistical test used is the Kruskal Wallis test. The results showed blood sugar levels based on the age obtained is 0.289; 0,242; 0,150; 0,658; 0,557; 0.711 (p > 0.05); 0.040 (p<0.05). Test results based on disease complications were 0.317; 0.626; 0.121; 0.932; 0.658; 0.214; 0.104 (p > 0.05).The conclusion is there is no significant difference in blood sugar levels of patients based on age and complications of the disease in the period September 2019 – November 2019. Diabetes mellitus patients had controlled blood sugar levels based on age and disease complications

A recent study conducted at Puskesmas Jetis 1 Bantul from September to November 2019 aimed to evaluate and understand the correlation between age, disease complications, and blood sugar levels in patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus. Diabetes mellitus, a chronic disease characterized by increased blood sugar levels, affects numerous individuals worldwide. As individuals age, their body’s ability to respond to insulin decreases, resulting in fluctuations in blood sugar levels. These fluctuations, in turn, can lead to complications. This study endeavors to shed light on the impact of age and disease complications on blood sugar levels in type-2 diabetes mellitus patients.

Analyzing Blood Sugar Levels Based on Age and Disease Complications:
To explore the relationship between blood sugar levels, age, and disease complications, the researchers conducted an analytic observational research design. Retrospective data were collected from September to November 2019. Univariate analysis was utilized to analyze the basic characteristics of the research variables. Furthermore, bivariate analysis was employed to determine any differences in blood sugar levels based on age and disease complications. The statistical test used to assess these differences was the Kruskal Wallis test.

Results and Findings:
The results of the study revealed interesting insights into the relationship between blood sugar levels, age, and disease complications. When examining blood sugar levels based on age, the obtained values were 0.289, 0.242, 0.150, 0.658, 0.557, and 0.711 (p > 0.05) for the different age groups. These results indicate that age does not significantly influence blood sugar levels in type-2 diabetes mellitus patients (September 2019 – November 2019 period). Similarly, the analysis based on disease complications demonstrated values of 0.317, 0.626, 0.121, 0.932, 0.658, 0.214, and 0.104 (p > 0.05), suggesting that disease complications do not play a significant role in blood sugar level variations.

Implications and Additional Insights:
The findings of this study contribute to our understanding of blood sugar levels in type-2 diabetes mellitus patients. Although age and disease complications were not found to be statistically significant factors in blood sugar level variations, it is important to note that patients exhibited controlled blood sugar levels within the observed period. Future research should explore other potential factors that may impact blood sugar levels in individuals with type-2 diabetes mellitus, such as lifestyle choices, genetics, or medication adherence.

Moreover, it is crucial for healthcare providers and patients to recognize that maintaining controlled blood sugar levels is crucial in managing diabetes mellitus. Regular monitoring, adherence to treatment plans, and lifestyle modifications are vital components of effective diabetes management. By understanding the relationship between blood sugar levels and various factors, healthcare professionals can tailor their approaches to individual patients’ needs and provide personalized care.



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